ERIC Number: ED118578
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Racial Difference in the Prediction of Class "A" School Grades. Final Report.
Thomas, Patricia J.
The Navy's selection tests are not as valid for minority personnel as they are for the majority group, the utility of alternative test composites was investigated. The samples were drawn from all students attending a Class "A" school, the first school a recruit goes to in order to learn a technical skill, during 1971-1972. Comparisons were made between mean selection test groups. Regression lines were plotted for white and black students to investigate the usefulness of lower cutting scores for minorities. Predictive validities of the current selection composites and all other combinations of Basic Test Battery (BTB) tests were determined. Differential validity of the operational BTB selectors was reaffirmed and alternative selectors were identified. The mean test scores of blacks were significantly lower than those of whites but their final school grades were not significantly lower. Analysis of the regression lines demonstrated that lower aptitude blacks generally would earn higher grades than lower aptitude whites. It was concluded that an improvement in minority assignment to technical training can be accomplished by implementing new selection composites, valid for both whites and blacks. Lowering the cutting score for blacks on the current combinations of BTB tests was counterindicated due to the chance-level validities of the operational composites in these courses. (NTIS/BJG)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Aptitude Tests, Blacks, Cutting Scores, Grade Point Average, Military Personnel, Personnel Selection, Postsecondary Education, Predictive Validity, Racial Differences, Test Results, Test Validity, Whites
National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22161 (AD-A012 319, MF $2.25, HC $4.25)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Navy Personnel Research and Development Center, San Diego, CA.