ERIC Number: ED118518
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Achievement Motivation and Gender as Determinants of Attributions for Success and Failure.
Bar-Tal, Daniel; Frieze, Irene Hanson
Research designed to analyze the effect of achievement motivation and gender as determinants of attributions for success and failure is described. One-hundred and twenty male and female subjects, divided according to levels of achievement motivation, were asked to do an anagram task at which they were made to succeed or fail. Ratings of ability, effort, task difficulty, and luck, as possible causes for success or failure, indicated that those with high achievement motivation of both sexes made relatively higher ratings for ability and lower ratings for task difficulty. Females tended to employ higher ratings for luck, and females with high achievement motivation made more use of effort as a causal factor than men. High achievement motivation males had a very high estimate of their own abilities. The male and female low achievement-motivated groups tended to be similiar, although the women tended to make more use of task difficulty in explaining failure and had somewhat higher rating of their abilities. The low achievement-motivated males saw ability as the primary determinant of outcome. (Author/DE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Learning Research and Development Center.
Note: For a related document, see SO 008 835