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ERIC Number: ED118343
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 3
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Brief History of Indian Legislative Representatives in the Maine Legislature.
Starbird, S. Glenn, Jr.
Of all the states in the U.S., Maine is the only one that has American Indian tribal rePresentation in its legislature. The earliest records of Maine Indian representation are 1823 (Penobscot) and 1842 (Passamaquoddy), but Massachusetts' records indicate that Indian representation had probably been going on since or before the Revolution. Due to intratribal confusion and party conflict, the Main Legislature began in 1866 to describe the procedure for electing the Penobscot legislative representative as well as the tribe's governor and lieutenant governor. In 1952, the two Passamaquoddy reservations set forth provisions for annual election of their tribal representative in the Treaty of Peace of 1852. At the time of its inception in 1907, the Legislative Record indicates that Indian representatives were both seated and afforded opportunity to speak. However, after a concerted effort in 1939 to upgrade the status of Indian representatives, there was reaction, and in 1941 Indian representatives were ousted entirely. Until 1975, Indian representatives were excluded from the floor of the House, their status being little better than that of State paid lobbyists, though in 1965 their salaries were raised and in 1967 an expense account was added. In l975 the House restored seating and speaking privileges to Indian representatives after a 34-year lapse. (JC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Maine