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ERIC Number: ED118267
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Sep
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Representation of Social Dominance in Children's Drawings.
Strayer, Janet; And Others
This study investigated whether dominance relations observed during free-play are apparent in children's drawings of themselves with another classmate. A total of 16 hours of observational data were collected from 37 children, 9 to 11 years of age, during 40-minute free-play periods in their school setting. Dominance assessments were based upon repeated daily recordings of agonistic interactions. Following 5 weeks of observation, all of the children were asked to draw a picture of themselves and a friend. The drawings of 18 children (who each drew someone within their social group) were analyzed initially by two judges for detail of each figure. Each drawing was also scored for closest distance between figures, farthest distance between figures, figure orientation, relative height of figures, and relative percent of page occupied by each figure. Subsequently, eight different judges independently rated the set of 18 drawings on maturity of style, friendliness, amount of interaction, hostility, and social dominance. Results provide evidence that: (1) adult judges do perceive social dominance differences of children's drawings of themselves and a classmate; (2) inter-judge assessments are reliable; and (3) judgments are correct with respect to observed dominance differences. (ED)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A