ERIC Number: ED118263
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Coaching Children in Social Skills for Friendship-making.
Oden, Sherri L.; Asher, Steven R.
In this study, each of 33 middle class children from grades 3 and 4 was administered one of three experimental conditions designed to test in what ways coaching in social play skills improves the sociometric status of the children with their peers. The subjects were selected because of their low ratings on sociometric questionnaires. Condition 1 consisted of instruction, play with a highly rated same-sex peer and review of the play experience with the coach; Condition 2 consisted of similar peer pairing and play without coaching; and Condition 3 consisted of being paired with a highly rated peer but playing games separately to control for possible prestige effects. During play sessions observations were made of frequency of the positive social behaviors being coached, and following coaching the sociometric questionnaires were again administered as a post-test. Results indicate that children who were coached received higher play ratings than children in the other two conditions, but that coaching for play situations did not result in generalization to the work situation. Gain in peer acceptance for play was not accompanied by gain in number of friends. It is suggested that work ratings and friendships depend on social skills not included in the present coaching. The important aspects of coaching for gains on sociometric measures in the play situation are discussed. (GO)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Denver, Colorado, April 10-13, 1975); Occasional light print