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ERIC Number: ED118212
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Developmental Changes in Problem Solving as a Function of Level of Socialization.
Oerter, Rolf; And Others
In this study, which examines the relationship between level of information processing and level of general socialization, a total of 90 children aged 11 and 14 years and a group of 17 adults were presented with an organizational problem: how to order simultaneously presented tasks. Subjects were individually shown a map with locations and distances marked on face-down content and time-distance cards and asked to organize the performance of several tasks which had specific time constraints. Problem solving behavior was recorded by monitoring selection of cards, chosen sequences of moves on the map, and verbal comments. Data was analyzed first by testing 3 hypotheses derived from Schroder's construct of conceptual complexity. Each hypothesis was supported showing that with increasing age there are increases in level of proving time components of the task, in branching procedures and in the number of correct solutions. Second, the social background of the task was taken into account and hypotheses derived from this theoretical position discussed in terms of the data which confirms theoretical assumptions about the influence of level of general socialization on actual problem solving behavior. The problem was then transformed into a domino-type game and presented individually to a total of 45 subjects in age groups 11 years, 14 years, and adult. Results showed that adults need more time for solving the domino-type task but that younger groups need less time and produce more correct solutions than on the organization problems. (GO)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Denver, Colorado, April 10-13, 1975)