ERIC Number: ED118064
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: N/A
Developing Public Libraries in Canada, 1535-1983. Occasional Paper No. 9.
Morton, Elizabeth Homer
The history of books, reading, and public libraries in Canada can be traced from the first public reading in 1535. Although a university library organized by Jesuits in 1635 was followed by book collections in fur trading posts, government agencies, subscription libraries, and libraries for the professions, the first public libraries did not open until 1883. These were in Guelph and Toronto. Traveling libraries grew in Western Canada, and the provinces enacted library legislation. Early in this century new public libraries opened and began to flourish (some with the help of the Carnegie Corporation), but the depression and World War II slowed development. Since cooperation and a national library were seen as necessary in the 1940's, the Canadian Library Council and the Canadian Library Association (CLA) were formed to promote them. The 1950's saw increased library cooperation, the rise of regional libraries, legislation for a national library, and the formation of libraries in previously unserved areas. In the 1960's and 1970's metropolitan libraries grew, the number of library schools increased, standards were written, and the new national library building opened. Future library development may include better funding and services, improved communications, increased use of nonprint media, resource sharing, workshops and other training programs, and better facilities. (LS)
Descriptors: History, Librarians, Libraries, Library Associations, Library Cooperation, National Libraries, Public Libraries, Regional Libraries, School Libraries
Dalhousie School of Library Science, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4H3, Canada ($2.50)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Dalhousie Univ., Halifax (Nova Scotia). Library.
Identifiers - Location: Canada