ERIC Number: ED117977
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: N/A
When, Once, and As Soon As. San Jose State Occasional Papers in Linguistics, Vol. 1.
van Oosten, Jeanne
In a sentence containing a conjunction "when,""once," or "as soon as," the events in the main and the subordinate clauses are understood as occurring closely together in time. This paper endeavors to uncover the subtle differences which nevertheless exist among them. Clauses headed by "when" can refer to a span of time, whereas "once" and "as soon as"-clauses must refer to a point in time. There is a clear correlation between the distribution of "once" and "as soon as" with respect to the verb in their clause, and the classification of verbs proposed by Vendler (1967). Further, the presuppositional nature of "when" is different from that of "once" and "as soon as." In sentences containing a clause headed by the latter two conjunctions, the events in both the main and the subordinate clauses are presupposed as starting at the point designated by the subordinate clause. The difference between "once" and "as soon as" is evidenced by the impossibility for "once" to connect two events which are causally unrelated. Sentences illustrating this point seem to lead to the conclusion that a "once"-clause gives the last in a series of events causally leading up to the event in the main clause. (Author/CLK)
Descriptors: Adverbs, Descriptive Linguistics, English, Form Classes (Languages), Language Patterns, Language Research, Language Usage, Linguistic Theory, Semantics, Sentence Structure, Syntax, Verbs
Linguistics Program, San Jose State University, San Jose, California 95192 (volume, $4.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: San Jose State Univ., CA.