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ERIC Number: ED117976
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Phonemic Restructuring of Voiced Obstruents in Miami-Cuban Spanish.
Hammond, Robert M.
Standard manuals of Spanish pronunciation recognize that both [+continuant] and [-continuant] surface variants occur for the voiced obstruents/bdg/. Within generative phonology, it has been assumed that the systematic phonemic representation for these voiced obstruents should be [-continuant] /bdg/, with a rule of spirantization converting these segments to [+continuant] surface forms in specified environments, rather than the converse, i.e., systematic [+continuant] and a phonological rule of despirantization. The [+continuant] versus [-continuant] status of the systematic phonemic representations of the voiced obstruents of Miami-Cuban Spanish (MCS) are discussed in terms of the following arguments: (1) symmetry of the systematic phonemic inventory of obstruents, (2) markedness as it relates to the feature [continuant] in obstruents, (3) language change-rule loss and rule spread, (4) directionality of phonological change involving voiced obstruents currently occurring in MCS, (5) frequency of occurrence of the [+or - continuant] surface variants of voiced obstruents, (6) rule economy and relative abstractness of underlying forms, and (7) naturalness of phonological rules of spirantization and despirantization. It is concluded that, although evidence may not presently be strong enough to conclusively motivate phonemic restructuring of voiced obstruents in MCS, if current phonological changes continue in this dialect in the direction of [+continuant] surface forms, such a restructuring of underlying forms will become obligatory. (Author/CLK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A