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ERIC Number: ED117935
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: N/A
Ordinal Expressions in Japanese. Papers in Japanese Linguistics, Vol. 2, No. 1.
Backus, Robert L.
The varied forms and semantic factors of Japanese ordinal expressions are related to one another in a coherent system. In Japanese, the cardinal number form is a numeral compound in construction with a referent. The numeral compound consists of a number and a numeral adjunct. Numeral adjuncts are derived from bound forms, or numeral suffixes, and free forms, or count nouns. Underlying the behavior of Japanese ordinals is a basic division of two types of sequences: quantitative (open-ended and composed of independent members) and constitutive (closed, with interlocking and interdependent members). The form associated with quantitative sentences consists of a "-me" ordinal modifying by means of the particle "no" a class noun or a noun denoting a container. Numeral adjuncts in quantitative sentences specify four kinds of units: container, partitive, collective, and generic. In constitutive sentences the ordinal affixes "-me,""dai-" and "-banme" are used, where "dai-" has a more formal connotation than "-me" and "-banme." A number of special constitutive sequences such as standard measures, time units, appellatives, and quasi-appellatives are grouped and explained separately. (CHK)
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: University of Southern California, Los Angeles. Dept. of Linguistics.