ERIC Number: ED117931
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Jun-10
Reference Count: 0
Comprehensive Needs Study of Individuals with the most Severe Handicaps. Executive Summary.
Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
The summary of the comprehensive needs study of individuals with the most severe handicaps presents major findings regarding definitions, incidence, needs, and current services for the severely handicapped. It is explained that information was gathered through data file analysis, client surveys, a review of the literature, and constituency impact assessments. Among findings reviewed are that the total U.S. population with most severe handicaps is 10,067,000; that age plays a crucial role in the impact of a disabling condition; that minimal efforts have been made by local governments to eliminate barriers in public housing and facilities; that transportation needs were second only to vocational placement in perceived need; that low employment rates are related to such factors as capital disincentives and employer discrimination; and that development of a weighted case closure system, reduction of caseload size and an intensive training program were felt to facilitate serving the severely handicapped. Among program and finance options suggested are consumer-run self-help organizations and a special revenue sharing plan. A final section analyzes key policy interpretations and the implications for such services as transportation, employment, health coverage, income maintenance, and consumer involvement. (CL)
Descriptors: Architectural Barriers, Definitions, Demography, Employment, Exceptional Child Research, Exceptional Child Services, Federal Legislation, Financial Policy, Incidence, Needs Assessment, Rehabilitation Programs, Severe Disabilities, Sheltered Workshops, Transportation, Vocational Rehabilitation
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rehabilitation Services Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Human Development.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Note: For the entire study report, see EC 081 472