ERIC Number: ED117902
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Verbal Reinforcement During Therapy with Stutterers.
Presented is a series of studies in which the efficacy of applying operant conditioning methodologies to the problem of stuttering was examined. One requirement was that the designed therapeutic programs utilize only verbal contingent stimuli (reinforcers and punishers) in the traditional therapeutic setting (client and therapist seated together in a room). Studies deal with topics such as thematic content modification, client awareness of contingencies, the effect of timeout, and the identification of stuttering. Among major findings reported are that verbal contingent stimuli are effective in manipulating both the thematic content of Ss' speech and the manner of their speech in speech therapy interviews; that positive-type verbal reinforcers were the most effective contingent stimuli for modifying the form of the stuttering episode; and that timeout is an effective punishing type contingent stimulus in group therapy sessions for stutterers. (LS)
Descriptors: Exceptional Child Research, Negative Reinforcement, Operant Conditioning, Positive Reinforcement, Speech Handicaps, Speech Therapy, Stuttering, Timeout, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Verbal Stimuli
National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22161 (Order No. PB-235-235; MF $2.25, HC $5.25)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Social and Rehabilitation Service (DHEW), Washington, DC. Div. of Research and Demonstration Grants.
Authoring Institution: N/A