ERIC Number: ED117820
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1976-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Institutional Approaches to Innovation and Change: A Review of the Esman Model of Institution Building.
Bhola, H. S.
The definitional and conceptual structure of the Esman model of institution building is described in great detail, emphasizing its philosophic and process assumptions and its latent dynamics. The author systematically critiques the Esman model in terms of its (1) specificity to the universe of institution building, (2) generalizability across societies and cultures, (3) ability to discriminate between varied institution building situations and tasks, (4) utility for strategizing and engineering, (5) ability to focus not only on the client system but also on the nature and structure of the system of advice, (6) ability to include dual focus on internal organizational design and external institutional interfaces, (7) mobility in shifting analysis between molecular and molar configurations, and (8) utility for explanation and operationalization. The author concludes that although the Esman model has made a valuable contribution to the study of institution building in the past, the time is ripe for a new conceptual leap in the field. (Author/JG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Agency for International Development (Dept. of State), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Midwest Universities Consortium for International Activities, Inc., East Lansing, MI.