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ERIC Number: ED117752
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
On Literature and Values.
Beach, Richard
In reviewing the ancient, well-worn debate on the relationship between literature and values, it may be seen that the current pedagogical theory of developing response to literature is parallel to the argument for helping students articulate their own values. Two approaches to clarifying values are the values clarification approach (Louis Raths, Merrill Harmon, and Sidney Simon) and the moral development approach (Lawrence Kohlberg). The goal of values clarification activities, in which students choose among options on rating scales, values continuums, value statements, etc., is to help students become aware of their own values. Kohlberg's approach, based on a theory of logical and cognitive development, defines six stages of moral reasoning as bases for student development from one stage to a higher one. Both of these approaches suggest a number of ways for helping students gain an awareness of their own values and of the processes of moral reasoning in responding to literature. (JM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council of Teachers of English (65th, San Diego, November 27-29, 1975)