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ERIC Number: ED117684
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976
Pages: 56
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Choice on Children's Reading Comprehension and Attitudes.
Bowermaster, Janet Marie
This study was designed to test the effects of choice on the reading comprehension of 92 fifth and sixth grade students. Conducted in an elementary classroom, the test involved having each student read five cloze passages and answer an interest questionnaire about the passages. The experimental variable in this study was choice of topics on a reading task. Children were assigned to either a cued choice, blind choice, or no-choice condition. In the cued choice condition, children chose their reading topics from among alternatives which were clearly labeled. The blind choice condition offered them a choice, but from among alternatives that were in blank folders so that they had no information about the alternatives. The no-choice condition assigned the selections to be read on a random basis. The analysis of central interest in this study was a sex by condition analysis of variance. The performance means were fairly low overall and were similar in magnitude for both sexes. However, the boys in the cued choice condition performed substantially better than the boys in the blind choice and no-choice conditions. The girls had no apparent pattern which could be related to the manipulation of the choice variable. (MKM)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: M.S. Ed. Thesis, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign