ERIC Number: ED117605
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-May
Reference Count: 0
Sex Differences in Self-Evaluation of Academic Achievement and Ability.
Lacher, Maury; Lacher, Miriam R.
Extending the work of Crandall (1969), this study tested the hypotheses of sex differences in interpretation of past academic performance and expectations of future achievement. Subjects were 225 freshman women and 194 freshman men (93 percent of the freshmen class) at a highly selective midwestern liberal arts college: they did not differ in past academic performance (high school rank), later college performance (grade point average), or ability (SAT-Verbal). The students indicated whether their high school grades accurately represented, underrepresented, or overrepresented their abilities. Results confirmed predictions and supported Crandall's (1969) findings that women students underestimate future performance on intellective and academic tasks while men tend to overestimate it. Women tended to report grades as overrepresenting their ability, men as underrepresenting their ability. Men were also more likely than women to expect at least a "B" average in college and honors at graduation. For both sexes, students who saw their high school grades as underrepresenting their abilities had significantly lower college grades than those who saw grades as overrepresenting abilities. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (46th, Chicage, Illinois, May 2-4, 1975)