ERIC Number: ED117307
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Jun-30
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Selected Instructional Strategies on Learning Efficiency in Vocational Technical Education Programs: Final Report: Phase 2.
Drummond, Robert J.; Vitro, Frank T.
The study investigated the effects of practice on the mastery of two industrial arts skills (hammering and sawing). The major question asked was whether a film followed by practice leads to better mastery than a film presented without practice. The relationships among cognitive, affective, and psychomotor aspects of the task were explored. The subjects were 148 fourth to eighth grade boys and girls with no previous industrial arts experience. Students were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups and provided different types of instructional treatment. The students were given attitude and knowledge tests on the films they were shown and rated by experts on their skill performance; they were administered a battery of achievement, intelligence, and attitude tests as well as the Rod-and-Frame test, to identify their cognitive styles. Results are described by instructional treatment, by sex, and by level of intelligence. Correlations among knowledge, attitude, and skill performance are presented, as well as the factor analysis of the major variables in the study, and regression analysis. A summary of the results and their instructional applications are presented, with implications and recommendations. The groups that had practice had higher mean scores than the groups that just saw the film. (Author/AJ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Maine State Dept. of Educational and Cultural Services, Augusta. Bureau of Vocational Education.
Authoring Institution: Maine Univ., Orono. Coll. of Education.
Note: For related documents, see ED 114 454 and CE 005 042