ERIC Number: ED117266
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
The Economics of Enforcement of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Discussion Papers No. 313-75.
Beller, Andrea H.
The purpose of this paper is to estimate the effects of enforcement of Title VII to determine whether and to what extent it has helped to achieve the elimination of employment discrimination. The model developed in this paper is considered to depart from those of previous Title VII studies in two ways. First, it incorporates the effects of the law's enforcement on nonrespondent covered firms in addition to the effects on respondent firms. Second, it analyzes separately the effects of enforcement of the law's employment and wage provisions. Primary data sources are a matched sample of covered firms, 1966-70, and the U.S. Censuses. Evidence is said to suggest that, in the aggregate, from its inception through fiscal year 1970, enforcement of Title VII at best left the economic position of black males unchanged and at worst caused it to deteriorate. While enforcement of the employment provision increased relative employment in covered firms and relative employment and wages in the economy, enforcement of the wage provision had precisely the opposite effects. The latter effects appear to have dominated the former, although the net negative impact is, in general, statistically insignificant. Two possible directions for enforcement given are: (1) concentrating limited resources on enforcement of the employment provision, and, (2) accompanying enforcement of the wage provision by strict and extensive controls on minority employment. (Author/AM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: American Association of Univ. Women, Washington, DC.; Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.; Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Civil Rights Act 1964 Title VII