ERIC Number: ED117246
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: N/A
The Validation of a Scale Designed to Measure Cultural Attitudes.
Greene, John F.; Zirkel, Perry A.
This document comprises two papers. The stated purpose of the first paper was to describe the development of the "Cultural Attitude Scales" (CAS), a pictorial measure designed to assess attitudes toward the black, Puerto Rican, and Anglo-American cultures. The development of the CAS encompassed: (1) the derivation of an item pool from interviews and discussions with parents, pupils, and teachers of each of the target cultural groups; (2) systematic selections and selections by a group of adolescent student judges representing each of the target cultures; and (3) item analysis based on the responses of 336 students in the elementary grades representing these three cultures. The end product was a scale of 15 pictorial items for each of the three cultures with Likert-type response options in the form of faces. The stated purpose of the second paper was to report a study designed to determine the reliability and validity of the CAS using a sample of 330 Anglo-American, black American, and Puerto Rican pupils in grades 1-6. Evidence of construct validity was revealed in the pattern of the mean scores for each cultural group in the same sample of pupils. Evidence of criterion validity were revealed in terms of its statistically significant relationship to the results of a teacher rating scale (r=.32 to .46). (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A