ERIC Number: ED117203
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: 0
Introduction to Culture and General Problems of Cultural Interference in Communication. Reference Pamphlets on Intercultural Communications, No.1. Human Relations in Cultural Context, Series C: Teacher Training Materials.
From an individual's viewpoint, it is argued, culture establishes a meaningful context of social institutions, ecological practices, and personal rules of conduct which provide each group member with a blueprint for social existence. But, behavior is also conditioned by unconscious internalized patterns, which tend to be accepted by everyone as normal facets of "human nature", thereby originating the false premise on which so much crosscultural miscommunication is based--the belief that behavioral deviance must be contrary to nature. Men who live and work in the same community tend to develop certain common features. In the area of intercultural relations the importance of assessing accurately this elusive, but powerful, activator of human behavior cannot be overemphasized. Misunderstandings between members of different societies are apt to occur as a result of the speakers' compulation to communicate with each other through different viewpoints based on variant mental models of reality. If a Frenchman may be seen as cognitive-oriented, for example, and if an American may be characterized as psychomotor-oriented, then a Spanish speaking individual must be depicted as affective-oriented. One may easily predict that any confrontation between members of these three cultures is apt to generate a host of misunderstandings. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Anglo Americans, Communication Problems, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Background, Cultural Differences, Cultural Images, Cultural Influences, Cultural Traits, Culture Conflict, Culture Contact, Ethnic Groups, Ethnocentrism, French, Role Perception, Spanish Speaking
Rutgers University - G.S.E.,IRES Institute, 10 Seminary Place, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903 ($2.00, paper)
Publication Type: Guides - General
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Office of Adult Basic Education.; Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Rutgers, The State Univ., New Brunswick, NJ. Graduate School of Education.
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