ERIC Number: ED117188
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Oct
Conducting Local Needs Assessment: A Guide. TM Report 44.
Morgan, James M.
The steps involved in conducting a valid needs assessment are described and some problems to be avoided are discussed. Needs assessment begins with a set of educational goals. It is important that community opinion be obtained regarding the goals to ensure that they represent the interests of all involved in the educational process. Once the goals are established data can be gathered related to goal attainment in order to uncover discrepancies between desired conditions and the actual state of affairs. Two kinds of data should be used: "hard" data which includes measures such as test results, absentee rates, etc. and "soft" data which shows perceptions of people about the goals. The survey instrument should be designed to measure how important the goal is and the extent to which it is being achieved. Reconciling the differences between the respondent groups as to where the greatest needs lie is usually followed by establishing priorities, the first step in a total program-development cycle. Performance objectives are then developed for each identified need, providing a basis for planning new programs. After programs are implemented and evaluated, a reassessment of the original needs can take place to see how much progress is being made and whether new priorities are needed. This is the cycle of program development and evaluation that the original needs assessment sets into motion. (RC)
Descriptors: Community Involvement, Data Analysis, Data Collection, Educational Objectives, Guides, Needs Assessment, Program Development, School Districts, Surveys
ERIC Clearinghouse on Tests, Measurement, and Evaluation, Educational Testing Service, Princeton, N.J. 08540 (free while supplies last)
Publication Type: Guides - General
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Tests, Measurement, and Evaluation, Princeton, NJ.