ERIC Number: ED116883
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: N/A
Outward Bound in the Professional Education of Teachers. A Study of an Experimental Component in Field Experiences.
Smathers, Keener M.
In an effort to measure the impact of Outward Bound (OB) education on teacher candidates, an 18-day stress experience was arranged for 12 Appalachian State University students and then compared with the effects of the normal 11-week student teacher experiences of two other groups. The OB group underwent a series of individual and group wilderness problems involving cross-country back packing, rock climbing, white water rafting, and a three-day wilderness solo without food. The OB students were also given a dime and asked to "make do" in Atlanta, Georgia for several days. Learning by doing and group cooperation were emphasized. During the remaining 8 weeks of the semester, these students taught in a classroom. Pre- and post-assessments by OB students of their overall professional education and their personal teaching readiness and performance were positive, as were their summarization statements. Evaluations by public school classes and college supervisors did not indicate significant differences among the groups, but pre- and post-inventories relative to the total contribution of professional education to teaching readiness showed marked changes in favor of OB, while the other groups' responses did not vary. Specifically, the OB group gained in: (1) teacher self-confidence; (2) student involvement (involving students); and (3) humanism (humanistic receptivity to others). (JC)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Higher Education, Humanism, Outdoor Education, Self Concept, Student Teacher Relationship, Student Teaching, Teacher Education
Office of Wilderness Experiences, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina 28608 ($3.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: DeWitt Wallace/Reader's Digest Fund, Pleasantville, NY.
Authoring Institution: National Conference on Outdoor Pursuits in Higher Education.