ERIC Number: ED116825
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Farm Population by Race, Tenure, and Economic Scale of Farming, 1966 and 1970. Agricultural Economic Report No. 228.
Banks, Vera J.; Beale, Calvin L.
Utilizing data obtained from the 1970 and 1966 June Enumerative Surveys, the U.S. farm population (both operator and nonoperator) was identified by race, tenure, and value of farm products. Data were analyzed in reference to the following questions: (1) How many and what proportion of farm people live on farms of adequate and/or marginal commercial scale?; (2) How many people live on small-scale operations which make minor contributions to farm output?; (3) What proportion of farm people have an ownership interest and what proportion have neither an ownership nor a tenant interest, but live on farms as hired workers?; (4) What is the trend in number, tenure, and scale of farming of Negro and other minority group farmers and how do these populations compare with white operator farm populations? Analysis of data revealed: (1) In both years, the great majority of all farm people resided in the same household as the farm operator; (2) About 1/10 of the farm population lived in rent-free dwelling units on farms; (3) Negroes and other racial minorities on farms were disproportionately of nonoperator status; (4) Most farm people lived on farms operated by an owner rather than a tenant or manager; (5) Despite an overall farm population decline of 15 percent during 1966-70, there was population growth on farms with annual sales of $20,000 or more; (6) Due to population loss among Negro farm residents, farm population decline was most rapid in the South. (JC)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: United States