ERIC Number: ED116822
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-May
Reference Count: N/A
Federal Policy for Preschool Services: Assumptions and Evidence. SRI Project 2158.
Larson, Meredith A.
This study reviews existing evidence related to the question of whether or not to increase federal support for preschool services in general, and center facilities, in particular. The findings do not indicate a current or impending overall shortage of early childhood services or that low-income families suffer inequities in the costs or distribution of care. Further, no evidence was found of long-term child benefits that would justify a large, immediate increase in federal expenditures for custodial or educational services for preschool children. Five policy conclusions are drawn: (1) proposals for increased federal support of day care do not reflect any clear and present national need; (2) adjustments should be made in the present system which would provide the same profile of incentives for families at all income levels, respond to individual choices in the style and setting of day care services, and reflect realistic assessment of the value of currently demonstrated child benefits from preschool experiences; (3) studies of the mechanics of day care choices should be undertaken; (4) heavy emphasis on the development of new early childhood education models should be discontinued; and (5) research funds should be redirected to encourage the replication of successful early childhood education models in secondary sites. (JMB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Research Inst., Menlo Park, CA. Educational Policy Research Center.