ERIC Number: ED116814
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: N/A
The Primacy Effect in Young Children: Verbal Fact or Spatial Artifact?
Siegel, Alexander W.; And Others
In this study, a procedure was devised to experimentally separate the spatial and temporal task components of a serial-position recall task in an attempt to account for the primacy effect observed in experiments using this paradigm with young children and retarded subjects. A total of 48, 5- to 7-year-old, children were tested in a serial-position recall task under two conditions. In one condition, which replicated the procedure typically used, the spatial and temporal components were completely confounded; in the other, the spatial and temporal components were experimentally separated. The results provide strong evidence that the spatial component of the typical serial-position recall task, rather than the use of rehearsal, is largely responsible for the primacy effect found in the serial-position curves of young children. (Author/ED)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Learning Research and Development Center.