ERIC Number: ED116741
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1955-Sep-10
Reference Count: 0
The Emergence of the Junior College in the Evolution of American Education: A Memorandum for the Fund for the Advancement of Education.
Cowley, W. H.
In an effort to elucidate the forces behind the emergence of the American junior college, this document reviews the evolution of the structure of American education from 1874 to 1921. The historical review begins with 1874 because the decision made that year in the Kalamazoo Case confirmed the right of communities to support high schools by taxation. It ends with 1921 because two pivotal events occurred in that year: first, the organization of the American Association of Junior Colleges, and second, the establishment of the first unitary two-year junior college, namely, Modesto Junior College in Modesto, California. It reviews the historical development of secondary schools, liberal arts colleges, professional schools, universities, and junior colleges in that time period. The author concludes that the junior college of today is an historical accident. A bibliography is appended. (DC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: N/A