ERIC Number: ED116673
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Milgram's Scotch Verdict on TV: A Retrial. Paper No. 5248.
An evaluation was made of the methodology and findings presented in "Television and Antisocial Behavior. Field Experiments," by Stanley Milgram and R. Lance Shotland (New York: Academic Press, 1973). In the book, seven experiments were reported, all concerned with antisocial behavior toward a medical charity. Three episodes of Medical Story were prepared. In two, antisocial endings were presented; in a third, a prosocial ending was presented. An entirely different episode created a fourth (control) condition for the three experimental variations: (1) antisocial behavior with punishment, (2) antisocial behavior without punishment, and (3) prosocial behavior. In several experiments, various versions were shown to audiences, and subjects were tested later by their reactions to an experimental situation. Milgram and Shotland concluded that television's influence on antisocial behavior was "not proven." A careful examination of these experiments shows them to be flawed and poorly conceived, largely irrelevant to prior research, and a minor contribution to the large body of scientific evidence relevant to the topic. (HB)
Publication Type: Books
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.