ERIC Number: ED116537
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Oct-5
Reference Count: 0
Nature of Planning and Its Relation to Management. Programme on Institutional Management in Higher Education.
Morris, Alfred C.
Based on personal experience of a non-university executive, suggestions are offered for management planning within the university. They include the premise that planning is essentially concerned with controlling and influencing the direction of change and that frustration often derives from difficulty in obtaining or influencing the direction of change. The model of the profit-making corporation is not appropriate to the university, but a systems approach is useful. It involves identifying activities undertaken, organization, constraints, and phenomena of decisions and behavior and explanations for them. An approach to planning is outlined which includes a model of decision making and policy formation. Procedures are given for changing decisions. Two additional views on management are also cited, those of Henri Fayol and Paul Drucker. For Fayol, managing means looking ahead, which makes the process of forecasting and planning a central activity. Drucker holds that management must always, in every decision and action, put economic performance first. (LBH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.
Note: Paper presented at the Professional Seminar on Programme Budgets for University Management and Planning (Paris, October 1-5, 1973)