ERIC Number: ED116474
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Dilemmas of Language Transition: Challenges to Language Planning in India. Topics in Culture Learning, Vol. 3.
Khubchandani, Lachman M.
This article discusses the language planning problems that India faces. The distribution and usage of the various languages are outlined. There is considerable linguistic heterogeneity, with 80 languages currently being used as media of instruction at least at an elementary level, and 14 languages being used at the secondary level. Since language has become a political issue, there is a need for legislation determining the role of language in public spheres of communication such as education and administration. The main problems revolve around a confrontation between tradition and modernity concerning the role of language in education. The basic issues concern: (1) the objectives of education, (2) the role of language in education, (3) the choice of the medium of instruction, (4) requirements qualifying a language as a medium of instruction, and (5) the pace of change. The established elite generally opposes the use of regional languages and mother tongues as media of instruction; it fears a lowering of standards and wants languages of wider communication for international interaction. Defenders of the use of regional languages are in favor of cultural regeneration and cohesion at a national level. It is suggested that the implementation of bilingual education at the secondary level would contribute to the solution of India's language problems. (CLK)
Descriptors: Dialects, Educational Policy, English, Hindi, Language Attitudes, Language of Instruction, Language Patterns, Language Planning, Language Role, Language Usage, Official Languages, Regional Dialects, Social Attitudes, Urdu
The Director, Culture Learning Institute, East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (no charge)
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. East-West Center.
Identifiers - Location: India