ERIC Number: ED116472
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
An Overview of Alaska Native Bilingual Education. Topics in Culture Learning, Vol. 2.
Orvik, James M.
The purposes of this paper are to: (1) describe the general linguistic situation in Alaska, (2) describe the bilingual education situation, and (3) discuss the effectiveness of the bilingual education programs and give an idea of the potential of bilingual education as a social force in Alaska. Much of the information is summarized in a number of tables. Table 1 is a classification of the 20 distinct Alaskan languages into major linguistic families, with an approximate number of living speakers per language. Three basic types of language communities are distinguished (table 2): (1) monolingual native, including fluent native language speakers of all ages; (2) bilingual, having few or no native language speakers under age 10; and (3) monolingual English, with few or no native language speakers under age 30. A short history of the development of bilingual education programs in Alaska is provided, and statistics are presented and discussed concerning the numbers of school-age children receiving bilingual education and the relative proportions of bilingual programming for the three types of communities (tables 3 and 4). Various tools used for evaluating the effectiveness of the program, including assessment of literacy, numerical, and linguistic skills, are discussed and summarized in four additional tables. Children in bilingual programs appear to perform significantly better than children in nonbilingual programs. (CLK)
Descriptors: American Indian Languages, Athapascan Languages, Biculturalism, Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Educational Policy, Eskimo Aleut Languages, Language Classification, Language Instruction, Language Skills, Language Tests, Non English Speaking, Program Evaluation, Second Language Learning, Standardized Tests, Statistical Data, Test Results, Uncommonly Taught Languages
The Director, Culture Learning Institute, East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (no charge)
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. East-West Center.
Identifiers - Location: Alaska