ERIC Number: ED116451
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-May
Reference Count: 0
Conjunction, Relativization, and Complementation in Persian. Colorado Research in Linguistics, No. 5.
This study is concerned with the description of compound sentences, relative clauses, and complement clauses in Standard Persian within a generative-transformational grammar. Compound sentences are divided into conjunctive, disjunctive, and adversative types on the basis of the semantic relations they express. A conjunctive clause is either non-emphatic or emphatic, a disjunctive clause is either alternative or ultimative, and an adversative clause is either contrastive (oppositive) or exceptional. Relative clauses are divided into attributive (restrictive) and appositive (non-restrictive) relative clauses with the conclusion that an attributive relative clause modifies an antecedent which has a multiple referent [-unique], while an appositive relative clause modifies an antecedent which has a unique referent [+unique]. Both relative clauses result from the reduction of a non-emphatic conjunctive compound with a coreferential noun. Ezafe constructions (Adjectival and genitive) are shown to be formed by the reduction of a non-emphatic conjunctive compound with a coreferential noun in which the second clause contains the verbs "budan" ("be"), or "dastan" ("have"). The complement clauses are analyzed as sentences that serve as an argument (supplement) to a specific class of impersonal, intransitive, and transitive verbs. (Author) intransitive, and transitive verbs. (Author)
Descriptors: Descriptive Linguistics, Form Classes (Languages), Indo European Languages, Language Research, Linguistic Theory, Morphology (Languages), Persian, Semantics, Sentence Structure, Syntax, Transformational Generative Grammar, Verbs
Colorado Research in Linguistics (CRIL), Department of Linguistics, University of Colorado, Woodbury Hall, Boulder, Colorado 80302 ($2.50)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Colorado Univ., Boulder. Dept. of Linguistics.