ERIC Number: ED116450
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-May
Reference Count: N/A
"-age" dans le systeme suffixal du francais quebecois ("-age" in the Suffix System of Quebec French). Montreal Working Papers in Linguistics, Vol. 4.
Pupier, Paul; And Others
This study relates the suffix "-age" to "-able,""-eux,""-ment,""-Xtion," and "-ure" in Quebec French. Morphologically, some "-age" suffixals which can be denominal in Quebec French can only be deverbal in European French. Semantically, "-age" deverbals are subdivided into "factives" and temporally relevant suffixals. In this latter class the temporal relationship can be anteriority, simultaneity, and posteriority. Nouns ending in "-ure" are most often resultative, whereas nouns in "-age" designate results only if they also designate actions. "-Xtion" and "-ment" are more direct rivals. Where "-age" designates the entire process or duration of an action, "-ment" designates the individual acts making up the process or a singular act. The suffix "-age" has become specialized for action, and "-ment" and "-Xtion" for result of an action. Deverbals in "-eux" usually have a corresponding noun in "-age," which often has a pejorative connotation. Adjectives in "-able" are more productive in Quebec French than in European French. Deverbals in "-age,""-eux,""-able" have the same surface stem as that of the present participle of the base verb. This mode of formation is common to standard and Quebec French. The productivity of the "-age,""-eux," and "-able" deverbals is correlated with the simplicity of their formation. (Author/CLK)
Publication Type: Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Montreal Univ. (Quebec).; Quebec Univ., Montreal.; McGill Univ., Montreal (Quebec).