ERIC Number: ED116429
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Nov
Reference Count: 0
An Analysis of Perceptions and Attitudes Toward the Concepts "Disabled" and "Handicapped" and the Effects of Pre-Structured Definition Upon the Concepts.
Ianacone, Robert N.; Stodden, Robert A.
The semantic differential technique was used in a study involving 40 undergraduate trainees in the area of special education to analyze the concepts "disabled" and "handicapped" and the effects of structured knowledge or definition on the participants' perceptions of and attitudes toward the concepts. The Semantic differential consisted of bipolar adjectives scaled to measure the semantic space of the concepts "handicapped" and "disabled" in terms of three factors (evaluation, potency, and activity). Ss were divided into two groups: during assessment, group 1 was given predetermined and differing definitions of the concepts measured, while group 2 was administered only the assessment instrument. Among results were that there was a significant difference between the three factors of evaluation, potency, and activity, regardless of concept; that group 1 (definition of concepts) was slightly more positive in response than group 2 (no definition of concepts); and that the concept "handicapped" was received more favorably than the concept "disabled," although the difference was not significant. (Author/SB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the California Educational Research Association (54th, San Diego, California, November 12-13, 1975)