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ERIC Number: ED116418
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Jul
Pages: 220
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Infant Starvation on Learning Abilities.
Klein, Pnina S.
Explored were the effects of starvation during infancy on the learning abilities of 50 children when evaluated between 5 and 14 years of age. All Ss had suffered from pyloric stenosis, a condition which prevents passage of food from the stomach, in infancy for periods ranging from 2 days to 3 weeks. Ss were given five tests of various learning abilities, were evaluated for physical development, and were rated by parents and teachers for social maturity and school behavior. Scores of Ss were compared with those of 44 siblings and 50 control Ss (matched for age, sex, and parental education). Significant correlations ranging from .25 on the Vocabulary Test to .43 on the Auditory Memory Test were found between severity of starvation and scores on all tests of learning abilities with Ss who had had a greater than 20 percent weight deficit in infancy showing significantly poorer scores. Analysis of individual tests suggested that starvation within the first 3 months of life has a long lasting effect on short term memory and attention. Starvation onset between 21 and 30 days of age was significantly related to school problems. Physical development was not found to be affected by early starvation. (Author/DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Rochester Univ., NY.