ERIC Number: ED116261
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Sex Differences in Nonverbal Behavior.
Beekman, Susan J.
This study was designed to evaluate the effects of both sex of subject and sex of partner with respect to a wide variety of nonverbal behaviors. The subjects were 44 men and 44 women graduate professional students at the University of Chicago. The behaviors were coded from videotapes of 88 dyadic conversations where each subject participated in one conversation with a stranger of the same sex and one conversation with a stranger of the opposite sex. A total of 54 behavioral variables were derived from the ratings and grouped into eight general categories: behaviors related to speaking turns, back channel behaviors, filled pauses, laughing and smiling behaviors, gazing behaviors, postural shifts, hand movement, and foot movement. It was concluded that sex of subject, but not sex of partner, had a significant effect on many of the nonverbal behaviors displayed during the conversations. Sex differences in the correlation between subjects' scores on the behavioral measures and their scores on several personality measures on a post-conversation questionnaire were used to generate hypotheses linking specific behavioral differences between the sexes to more general differences between interpersonal styles. (TS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (83rd, Chicago, August 30-September 3, 1975)