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ERIC Number: ED116180
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Reading and Sex Role Stereotypes.
Gunderson, Doris
Sex role stereotypes in children's reading materials limit life options. They prevent girls from realizing that all occupations and careers are open to them, and they present a man's role in the world as quite different from that of a woman. Sexual bias in reading material (both text and trade books) may be seen from the frequency of use of masculine and feminine proper names and pronouns (masculine appeared more than twice as often as feminine) and a disparity in the scholastic understandings of girls aged nine (equal to that of boys of the same age) and girls aged thirteen (beginning a decline which continues into adulthood). In order to avoid sexual bias and to encourage girls to reach their full potential, educational materials should reflect the reality of the past and the contributions made by women in history and politics, present both boys and girls in exciting adventures, avoid the stereotyped portrayals of both boys and girls, and emphasize both sexes engaging in similar activities and making responsible decisions. (JM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council of Teachers of English (65th, San Diego, November 26-29, 1975); Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document