ERIC Number: ED116160
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reference Count: 0
Image Tracing: An Analysis of Its Effectiveness in Children's Pictorial Discrimination Learning.
Levin, Joel R.; And Others
Previous research has demonstrated that requiring children to trace from memory the correct member of a pictorial discrimination pair markedly facilitates performance. The subjects for the first experiment in this study were 45 fifth grade students. The control group was given regular discrimination learning instructions. The image-trace group was told to note the correct item during feedback, and then with a picture of it in their minds, to turn their heads away and trace the outline of the picture in the air with their fingers. And the trace group was instructed to trace the outline of the correct item during feedback. The second experiment involved 63 kindergarten children and was based on an earlier observation that the ability to derive memorial benefits from self-generated imagery strategy seems to improve with age. On the basis of the evidence assembled in these experiments, it was concluded that copying a correct stimulus directly is not nearly as effective as is reconstructuring it from memory and that imagery rehearsal is a skill which is more sensitive to age differences than is verbal rehearsal. (TS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.