ERIC Number: ED116143
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975
Reconsideration of Phonic Generalizations.
Turner, Ralph R.; Roth, Sandra R.
This paper reports the consistency of phonic generalization employing two kinds of frequency determined from a corpus of the 18,000 most frequently occurring words in the English language. Twenty-two commonly taught phonic generalizations were analyzed using a computer. It was concluded that consistency alone is not a sufficient criterion on which to judge the utility of a rule. The authors found that when the rule was a simple one-to-one correspondence (e.g., "ch" is always pronounced, as in "chair"), then direct rule learning was most effective. However, when the rule was more complex (simulation of the final "e" rule), then direct rule learning was not as effective as a more inductive approach. This suggests that teaching rules directly is only advantageous over the other approaches when the rule is a simple one-to-one correspondence. (RB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (83rd, Chicago, August 30-September 3, 1975); Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document