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ERIC Number: ED116112
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Development of Empathy in Helpers.
Fretz, Bruce R.
A trait measure of empathy, a skill measure of empathy and an attitude scale on psychological effectiveness were administered to both counselor trainees and "natural helpers", i.e. persons in helping relationships who have not been formally trained as mental health professionals or paraprofessionals. The results indicated that the measures of empathy were statistically independent of each other and the attitude scale. Of all supervisor rating--helper empathy correlations for counselors and natural helpers, only counselors' empathy skill significantly correlated with supervisors' ratings. Also, the "natural helpers" who were not trained or oriented to the concept of empathy needed to be provided with "test taking skills" before completing the skill measure of empathy. For both the trait measure of empathy and the attitude scale on psychological effectiveness, a developmental trend was indicated with freshmen students scoring lowest, upperclass "helpers" scoring higher than upperclass "nonhelpers" and counselor trainees scoring highest. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (83rd, Chicago, Illinois, August 30-September 2, 1975)