ERIC Number: ED115847
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Nov
Trends and Career Changes of College Students in the Health Fields. A Summary Report.
American Council on Education, Washington, DC. Policy Analysis Service.
Highlights of the findings from a three phase study are presented in the report. Data were drawn from annual surveys, beginning in 1966, of the entire entering freshman classes at a national sample of higher education institutions and from followup studies, at subsequent intervals, of smaller subsamples of the same students. The growing popularity of the health fields of study, gains and losses in specific fields, and the impact of changing enrollment patterns are described. Health career aspirants are compared to nonhealth aspirants, and trends in the characteristics of health aspirants over a six-year period are identified. Patterns associated with stability in, recruitment to, and defection from a major in the health fields are focused on in reference to health majors. A final section profiles aspirants to specific health careers (physicians, dentists, nurses, laboratory technicians, and therapists) with emphasis on those who planned to become physicians. The report concludes that such factors as demographic attributes, socioeconomic backgrounds, academic ability, self-image, values, and institutional characteristics play an influential role in student choices of probable major, actual major, career, and specialty within a career. Appended are selected statistical tables (24 tables) for each of the study's three phases. (Author/MS)
Descriptors: Allied Health Occupations Education, Career Change, Career Choice, College Students, Dentists, Enrollment Influences, Enrollment Rate, Enrollment Trends, Followup Studies, Higher Education, Longitudinal Studies, Majors (Students), Medical Education, Medical Laboratory Assistants, Nurses, Occupational Aspiration, Physicians, Student Characteristics, Therapists
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Health Resources Administration (DHEW/PHS), Bethesda, MD. Bureau of Health Resources Development.
Authoring Institution: American Council on Education, Washington, DC. Policy Analysis Service.