ERIC Number: ED115756
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Chicago Association of Commerce and the Organization of Extra-Curricular Activities in the Chicago High School, 1914-1925.
Sola, Peter A.
An analysis of the Chicago businessmen's Association of Commerce's great influence in the public high schools, 1914-25, reveals Americanization and labor control as primary goals. The association organized and operated a vocational guidance bureau and three important high school clubs. A concerted enrollment effort netted the membership of roughly two-thirds of Chicago's students by 1920. Given a free hand in the schools by the superintendent, the association held direct control of the clubs' ideologies and activities through a centrally devised program which the schools' faculties carried out. A press club controlled the content of school newspapers. Original club objectives, civic pride, and community involvement faded before the major emphasis: sympathy and respect for the businessman's role and position. The Federation of Labor noted the association's motives; it argued that the close affiliation between the public school and the employers violated democracy, and that the psychological influence was worse than open and direct capitalist propaganda. The clubs were organized to fit the student into a classist, racist society; the association's vocational guidance counseled students to adopt the businessman's stereotype of the lower working class immigrant; and economic and political values were taught which would stablize the economy to guarantee continued profits. (AJ)
Descriptors: Business, Career Counseling, Educational History, Extracurricular Activities, High School Students, High Schools, Immigrants, Laborers, Political Socialization, Professional Associations, Racial Attitudes, School Business Relationship, Social Science Research, Social Stratification, Student Organizations, Unions, Urban Programs, Values, Vocational Education, Youth Clubs
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois (Chicago)