ERIC Number: ED115719
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Jun
Reference Count: 0
On Models of Racial Prejudice and Urban Residential Structure.
Courant, Paul N.; Yinger, John
Economists have studied the effects of racial prejudice on urban residential structure using a set of models that focus on conditions at the border between the black and white areas. This paper reviews the theoretical literature on these border models and investigates their generality. Section 1 considers the border model developed by Bailey in 1959 and shows that without substantially stronger assumptions than are made in its original statement, this model is internally inconsistent as an equilibrium model of residential structure. Section 2 considers a general equilibrium border model developed independently by Courant (1973) and Rose-Ackerman (1975) and briefly summarizes it. These two models are amended to allow for the possibility of differences in income between and within the racial groups in Section 3. Section 4 presents the implications of these findings for the appropriateness of border models and makes suggestions for alternative ways of modeling the effect of racial prejudice on urban structure. The main result derived in the paper is that border models are logically inconsistent without unrealistic assumptions either about the incomes of blacks relative to the incomes of whites or about the extent of white prejudice. The paper concludes with several suggestions for more satisfactory modeling of prejudice and urban structure. (Author/AM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.
Note: Discussion Paper