ERIC Number: ED115707
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Aug-31
Reference Count: N/A
Educating for Freedom: Ideological Origins of Black Education in the South, 1862-1872. Final Report.
Butchart, Ronald E.
This historical investigation explores the foundations of black education in the United States. It focuses on the ideology of the northern whites who labored during and after the Civil War to assure that the ex-slaves -- the freed men -- received proper schooling. The study investigates the role of the Freedman's Bureau, and sets the movement in its economic and social context. It also seeks to provide an accurate narrative history of the freedman's aid movement. One of the major conclusions drawn here is that after a century of dealing with racism and inequality as an educational issue, perhaps it is time to realize those are economic issues utterly beyond the reach of schools. A second conclusion is that liberal educational reformism has, on the one hand, served to drain energy and attention away from basic criticism and analysis of the social and economic determinants; on the other hand, it has victimized, stigmatized, and objectified its clients as extraordinary and needing special assistance, thereby deepening their own sense of inferiority, Perhaps the overriding finding considered to emerge from this study is the conclusion that it is time educationists and education policy makers begin to understand educational history and to approach their problems with a clear understanding of the role of schools as social institutions within a specific social setting. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Binghamton.