ERIC Number: ED115700
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Predictive Validity of the ACT Tests at Selective Colleges.
Lenning, Oscar T.
Included are three studies, each dealing with an aspect of comparative validity of the American College Test (ACT) and the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) at selective colleges. The first study considered the predictive efficiency of the ACT test scores and ACT test scores plus high school grades at 120 colleges, separated into three groups according to average college ACT composite. The second study concerned four selective colleges where all students had taken both the ACT and the SAT. At all four of these colleges, the mean ACT Composite score was above 24.5; the mean SAT Total score was above 1200. The third study took place at the U.S. Air Force Academy, a highly selective institution. A focus of concern in this study was to correct for selection on one of the tests, in this case the SAT, by designing the study in such a way that prior selection of students by the SAT would not be an extraneous factor in the analysis of the comparative predictive validity of ACT and SAT. The evidence in the three studies points to the conclusion that ACT and SAT scores typically yield similar results at selective colleges, and where they do not the ACT is usually favored with higher correlation coefficients. (Author/BJG)
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Comparative Analysis, Competitive Selection, Correlation, Grade Point Average, Higher Education, Predictive Validity, Standardized Tests, Tables (Data), Test Results
ACT Publications, American College Testing Program, P.O. Box 168, Iowa City, Iowa 52240 (Order no. 4-7-69, $1.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Coll. Testing Program, Iowa City, IA. Research and Development Div.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: ACT Assessment; SAT (College Admission Test)