ERIC Number: ED115658
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Sex and Race Effects in the Conformity Behavior of Upper-Elementary-School-Aged Children. Iowa Testing Programs Occasional Papers No. 16.
Cantor, Gordon N.
In two studies, children rated infant pictures on an "unhappy-happy" scale after being told how adolescent male models (black or white) had allegedly rated them. The subjects in Experiment 1 were black and white females and males (ages 9-12 years) attending inner-city schools in Des Moines, Iowa. Those in Experiment 2 were white females and males (ages 10-11 years) attending school in a predominantly white, middle-class, university community (Iowa City). In both experiments, the subjects as a total group were significantly affected by the models' ratings. In Experiment 1, girls conformed more than did boys; there was no sex difference in Experiment 2. With regard to race, only one obtained effect is of any direct interest (in Experiment 1, black subjects conformed more to white than to black models). The results suggest that social-class differences may now exist in the conformity behavior of the sexes. The general absence of race effects is viewed as encouraging, from an equalitarian standpoint. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Iowa Testing Programs, Iowa City.