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ERIC Number: ED115437
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Aug
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Net Migration Turnaround in Pennsylvania Nonmetropolitan Minor Civil Divisions.
Humphrey, Craig R.; And Others
Examining 1,815 Pennsylvania rural boroughs and townships, seven variables were employed to determine the places where net migration had been outward 1940-60 and inward 1960-70 and where it had been inward 1960-70 and outward 1960-70. The demographic variables employed were: (1) total population of each selected nonmetropolitan area, (2) absolute changes in the size of the college or military population, (3) percentage of residents 15-24 years old, and (4) population per square mile. The ecological variables employed were: (1) highway accessibility, (2) functional differentiation in industry types, and (3) population potential. Local officials were surveyed via mail to determine if they agreed with the turnaround migration hypothesis (55 percent response). Findings indicated that most nonmetropolitan minor civil divisions had experienced out-migration between 1940 and 1970, though 10 percent had experienced net in-migration, and nearly 18 percent were termed net migration turnaround areas (three times as many of these places turned around to net in-migration between 1960 and 1970 than places which turned around to net out-migration). It was also found that on the average both types of migration turnaround had occurred about 20-25 miles from an urban center; that reductions in farming, industry, and military installations were evident in places having out-migration turnaround; and that not in-migration turnaround; and that net in-migration turnaround areas had residents employed in relatively specialized industries. (JC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania