ERIC Number: ED115398
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Apr-12
Reference Count: N/A
Family Interaction and Cognitive Style: Situation and Cross-Sex Effects.
Dreyer, Albert S.
This study was designed to examine the family interaction differentiating the families of field dependent and field independent children. A total of 300 white, middle class, kindergarten children were tested with the Portable Rod and Frame Test and the Children.s Embedded Figures Test and were classified as field dependent or field independent based on their scores on these tests. From this sample, 18 extremely field dependent children (9 boys and 9 girls) and 20 extremely field independent children (10 boys and 10 girls) were selected for this study. Observations of these 38 children interacting with their parents were made in the home setting around dinnertime and in a series of 6 laboratory tasks designed to elicit power and autonomy behaviors. The results indicated that families of field independent children were characterized by less structured family power relations which varied in expressions of autonomy and power from situation to situation. Families of field dependent children seemed to have a more sharply defined set of family roles and more stability in the power structure. Further, it was found that for field independent families, the same sex parent was the dominant figure, while for field dependent families, the opposite sex parent was dominant. (JMB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; Grant Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Connecticut Univ., Storrs. Dept. of Child Development and Family Relations.