ERIC Number: ED115381
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Behavioral Manifestations and Parental Correlates of Intolerance of Ambiguity in Young Children.
Harrington, David M.; And Others
The phenomenon of intolerance of ambiguity in young children was investigated in this longitudinal study. Personality data for the total of 120 children in the study were obtained from: (1) descriptions of the children at both 3 and 4 years of age by their teachers, using the California Child Q-set; (2) the children's performance on the Lowenfeld Mosaic Test; (3) their reactions to a Curiosity Box covered with a variety of hinges, snaps, electrical switches, sandpaper, bull-chains, latches and peepholes; and (4) independent observations of the children in a relatively unstructured 20-minute sandbox play situation. Information on parent-child relationships pertinent to children's intolerance of ambiguity was obtained from: (1) self-reported parental child-rearing attitudes and practices; (2) video-taped parental behaviors in a teaching situation; and (3) descriptions of mothers and fathers by the mothers according to an Adjective Q-sort. Data suggest that intolerance of ambiguity in young children can be described; that it is relatively stable over a period of at least one year; that children intolerant of ambiguity tend to avoid, restrict attention within, and impose premature structure upon relatively unstructured situations; and that this characteristic is significantly associated with paternal hostility, impatience and rejection for boys, and with unusually high levels of maternal supportiveness for girls. (ED)
Descriptors: Ambiguity, Behavior Patterns, Fathers, Longitudinal Studies, Mothers, Observation, Parent Attitudes, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Influence, Personality Measures, Personality Studies, Preschool Education, Psychological Characteristics, Psychological Evaluation, Q Methodology, Sex Differences
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: California Child Q Set