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ERIC Number: ED115364
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Toward an Etiologic Classification of Pediatric Social Illness: A Descriptive Epidemiology of Child Abuse and Neglect, Failure to Thrive, Accidents and Poisonings in Children Under Four Years of Age.
Newberger, Eli H.; And Others
This study examined the underlying common origins of pediatric social illnesses (i.e., child abuse and neglect, failure to thrive, accidents, and poisonings) in children under age 4. Subjects were 560 children admitted to the Children's Hospital Medical Center in Boston. Children admitted with pediatric social diagnoses were matched on the basis of age, race, and socioeconomic status with control children who were without pediatric social diagnoses. Subjects' mothers were interviewed at the hospital about their housing, marital, financial, health, employment, child care, and familial problems and about specific experiences of the mother and her child. Results indicated that accidents were characterized by high levels of stress due to recent mobility and change in household composition. Cases of failure to thrive and child abuse shared high levels of maternal historical stress (i.e., frequent family mobility, a broken home, and a history of violence or neglect) and a lack of social support. As a group, families of children at risk for pediatric social illness appeared to have less than regular health care, had experienced many recent moves, had many child rearing problems, a history of a broken family in the mother's childhood, and mother-initiated separations from the child. (BRT)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Denver, Colorado, April 10-13, 1975)