ERIC Number: ED115359
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Development of Listener Competence.
Keyes, Barbara J.; And Others
The effects of listener egocentrism in communication tasks was investigated as a possible explanation for communication failure in young children, since such failure has often been attributed to the cognitive egocentrism of the child. Twenty-four children from each of four grade levels (kindergarten, second, fourth, and seventh) were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Both experimenter and child had circles which were half white and half black. Under various conditions (1) child seated next to experimenter; (2) child seated at 90 degree angle to experimenter; and (3) child seated at 180 degree angle to experimenter) the children were asked to replicate the experimenter's placement of the circle on the basis of the experimenter's egocentric explanation of its position. Finally, each child was given Flavell's (1968) storytelling task to assess general role-taking ability. Results demonstrated that listeners actively contribute to the success of the communication problem by compensating for inadequate messages; and that there is a progression in the development of this ability. Conclusions suggest types of listener compensation strategies and advise caution in attribution of listener competence to role-taking ability. (ED)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Neurological Diseases and Stroke (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Bowling Green State Univ., OH. Dept. of Psychology.
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Denver, Colorado, April 10-13, 1975)